In Windows 10 we can improve the display quality of the PC screen with a calibration wizard, which allows you to improve colors and contrast optimizing them according to your perception and working needs, so as to obtain the real colors (which will be the same even if we print the images or transfer them to other PCs). This procedure works on any monitor used, be it the laptop screen or a new external monitor.
How to calibrate screen on Windows
To calibrate the screen on Windows there is a wizard that will guide you in every modification, but before you get your hands on any calibration tool it is better to keep in mind some basic concepts, otherwise the changes could be applied incorrectly.
Basic concepts for calibration
First of all, when it comes to Range means the encoding of the images seen by electronic devices. Our eyes see things differently than computers and use "gamma coding" to make images clearly visible to the human eye.
The monitors perform a gamma correction so that what we see on the screen resembles what we would like to see in the real world. The pixels on the monitor are three colors, red, green and blue (RGB) and the mixture of these colors make the colors we see. By adjusting the Gamma coding, you can adjust the monitor so that it represents all the colors well.
The color balanceIt is also an adaptation of the way the various intensities of colors are displayed on the monitor. It is therefore important that the color balance is balanced and correct to prevent one from predominating over the others.
How to calibrate the monitor
After learning the essential concepts for colors, you can begin to calibrate the screen in Windows. To start we open the Start menu at the bottom right, try Calibra and open the voice Calibrate the screen color, that is the first item that will appear in the search bar.
Alternatively we can also open the Control panel, display the icons of all tools (by pressing on the top right corner on Category and selecting Large icons or Small icons) and finally clicking on Color management.
Once the calibration tool is opened, we immediately press on Come on to continue and read the next message, where we will be asked to press the menu button on the monitor and restore the settings changed in the past; on a laptop this button may not be present.
We press again on Come on and read the configuration explanation Range which helps to recognize the optimal setting (i.e. neither white points nor black points should be visible in the center of the shadows).
Here you have to memorize the figure with your eyes because you can't go back afterwards. We press on Come on to continue and, in the following screen, we move the vertical cursor to adjust the range until the colors are identical or almost to the example in the previous screen, so that the dots in the center of the circles are not seen. Having the gamma set correctly is vital for subsequent settings so better not to make a mistake and, if in doubt, to cancel and start again.
We press again on Come on when finished e we set contrast and brightness (we don't press Ignore at this point, but we press on Come on). Also for brightness and contrast it is necessary to see the example and then adjust the sliders to make them look as similar as possible to the figure.
To adjust the brightness and contrast, however, use the buttons on the monitor. For each monitor the controls may be different so it is better to read the instruction booklet. For the brightness, you need to distinguish, in the photo, the jacket from the shirt and make sure that the X is barely visible. Most likely the brightness of the monitor will be lowered. The contrast must be as high as possible, but in the photo the folds of the shirt must be visible.
If we are on a laptop we can adjust the brightness using the keys associated with FN or use the Windows brightness slide (i.e. pressing the battery symbol at the bottom left and moving the brightness slid).
The next step is to adjust the white balance (i.e. the contrast) and it is a software adjustment with the RGB cursors to be adjusted with the mouse. Here too, we read the instructions and press on Come on trying to reach the right compromise between the white areas and the black areas of the screen.
The final procedure of the calibration procedure offered by Microsoft concerns color balance, so that no color predominates over others.
Again we press on Come on and we act on the slides offered by the tool or on the buttons of our monitor, so as to obtain a uniform grayscale, without any color distinguishable from the others (also pay attention to the shades!).
As soon as we finish the calibration procedure Windows will offer a window where you can compare the previous calibration and the one created with the steps seen above.
We press on both buttons Previous calibration is Current calibration to immediately notice the difference on our monitor, with more natural and well balanced colors. At the end, make sure that the item has ticked Launch CrearType and press on end, so that you can also calibrate the text and font visible on the screen.
To learn more, we can also read our guide at ClearType to improve the display of text and characters on the LCD monitor.
With the calibration tool integrated in Windows 10 we can quickly calibrate a new monitor or calibrate a monitor used by another user: since no one has the same eyes, the perceived colors may be different so it is better to always calibrate.
If the unpacked colors are visible on the prints made on our printer, we recommend that you read our guide immediately How to calibrate the printer if faded colors or wrong characters.
Still on the subject of color and brightness calibration, we can also continue reading our articles How to change screen brightness on PC, even automatically is adjust colors, contrast and brightness on the screen.