We don’t know which 3D printer to choose? Let’s see together the best models for beginners and to get started
3D printing has evolved so much that it can also be used at home, using intuitive interfaces for this purpose. This does not mean that 3D printing has become easier: it requires a minimum of practicality in drawing and using the programs necessary to create three-dimensional models.
Speaking especially to beginners and to those who have never had one, let’s see here what the first 3D printer to buy could be, also showing some suggestions for choosing the best printer based on our needs and our modeling abilities (an aspect not to be missed). underestimate in order to create faithful 3D prints).
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1) 3D printer features
Even if the printers all seem the same, we can distinguish characteristics to analyze before purchasing, so that we can choose the one that “prints best”, that prints small custom-made models or capable of making large prints of spare parts.
The characteristics to observe in a 3D printer are:
- Print area: this value indicates the maximum surface area used by the object we are printing. Usually measured in three dimensions of space (XYZ) and in modern home printers we find printing areas of at least 15 cubic centimeters.
- Extruders: This device is the equivalent of the print head on 2D printers. As a general rule, the size of the extruder nozzle determines the size of the layers and consequently the printing precision (the smaller, the greater precision).
- Filament width: Indicates the capacity of the “cartridge”, i.e. when we can print with a single spool of filament. ABS and PLA are used as the material (although TPU and PETG are available as new filament materials), made available as 1.75 millimeter filaments or as 3 millimeter filaments.
- Printing speed: the printing speed is influenced by the type of material chosen and the model to be created. In any case we try to maintain a speed equal to or lower than 20 millimeters per minute.
- Horizontal resolution: this value indicates the minimum movement that the extruder makes and consequently the minimum level of detail that we can print. The horizontal resolution, to be acceptable, must be at least 0.03 millimeters.
- Vertical resolution: this value instead shows the minimum width of each layer of material deposited by the extruder; lower values correspond to greater precision and higher quality of the 3D printing. The average is around 200 microns, but some printers even reach 100 microns.
For further information we can read the page on Wikipedia to find out how 3D printers work.
2) Buying guide
Now that we know briefly how a 3D printer works and what features to look for, in the following chapters we will show you the best 3D printers to use at home or in small offices, to carry out small jobs and spare parts.
Creality Ender 3 V2 Neo
One of the best 3D printers to try at home right away is the Creality Ender 3 V2 Neo.
This 3D printer comes with CR Touch auto-leveling kit, PC spring steel platform, silent motherboard, faster and more stable motion performance system, and support for 1.75mm PLA filament.
Creality Stampante 3D Ender-3 S1
The evolution of the previous model is the Creality Stampante 3D Ender-3 S1a modern 3D printer.
By choosing this model we will have a double gear direct extruder, Touch screen with precise leveling, 220 x 220 x 270 mm printing dimensions, motherboard optimized for silent printing and support for 1.75mm PLA filaments.
Stampante 3D FLASHFORGE
Another valid 3D printer that we can use for home projects or small office projects is the Stampante 3D FLASHFORGE.
By installing this printer we will benefit from a double platform, support for print dimensions 190 x 195 x 200 mm, anti-deformation edge, magnetic adhesive and support for ABS, PLA, PETG, TPU, PLA Pro filaments.
ELEGOO Neptune 4 Pro
To 3D print any object we can also rely on ELEGOO Neptune 4 Pro.
This 3D printer boasts a 500 mm/s printing system with Klipper Firmware, 121 automatic leveling points, direct drive extruder (for even faster and more precise printing) and support for the 225x225x265mm³ print format.
Snapmaker 3D Stampante J1s
To print at a semi-professional level we can focus on Snapmaker 3D Stampante J1s.
On this printer we find an FDM 3D printing system with double extruder direct drive, double material printing, 4 printing modes and closed structure, which can be shown off on any desk or in any laboratory where 3D printing is required.
3) Sites to download 3D models
After choosing the printer to use we will have to create the 3D models digitally using AutoCAD or a Blenderthe two reference software for 3D modeling.
If we don’t know how to model it might be a good idea download ready-made 3D models from one of the sites seen here in the following bulleted list:
- UltiMaker Thingiverse
- NASA 3D
- Cults 3D
We remind you that the files must be downloaded to .stl format to be able to be used on any type of 3D printer, regardless of the model and manufacturer. On some sites there are models for CAD, to be opened with the programs mentioned, to be subsequently converted for 3D printing.
3D printing is not for everyone, since it is necessary to know how to use programs for managing 3D graphics well. But we can still create small objects or spare parts using the sites with ready-to-use models, so that we can immediately start printing while waiting to learn how to use the programs mentioned in the guide.
To learn more we can read the guides to Free CAD programs for 2D technical drawing and 3D modeling and you have sites for 3D drawing and CAD projects (via browser and online).