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Recognizing a video created by artificial intelligence, how to do it

One of the current challenges, resulting from the spread of tools based on generative AI, consists in being able to immediately recognize a video generated with artificial intelligence without confusing it with footage showing real people or events. The difficulties in identifying content elements that can provide information on how the content was created are increasingly greater, thanks to the presence of increasingly precise and high-performance tools.

Videos that are created with artificial intelligence, based on a single starting image or a text prompt, they are already very realistic and, in the future, they could be even more so. The risks this entails are many and this is why governments and competent authorities, including the European Union, are trying to quickly regulate the use and application of artificial intelligence in all contexts.

Users, for their part, can learn to recognize videos generated with AI, understanding the limits of current technologies and paying attention to some small details and elements which can provide important information. Let’s find out what the warning signs can unmask a video deepfake.

  • 1. Videos generated with AI, why it is important to recognize them

    Videos generated with artificial intelligence can be high-quality, original, entertaining and engaging content. Thanks to the precision of AI tools, which are becoming increasingly more powerful, recognizing a deepfake, a video generated using AI software, is difficult. Doing so is, however, important to avoid risks such as misinformation, to avoid falling victim to bad actors and to be able enjoy all contents in a totally safe manner.

    Deepfakes can be misleading and generate disinformation and spread fake news. This is the most obvious danger, but not the only one. When AI-generated videos show familiar faces and characters, they can damage its reputation and even influence public opinion, determining the course of events. This can have serious consequences on each person’s career and their role within society.

    Videos generated with AI in an unethical manner can cause damage to companies, their credibility and reputation. It grows risk of fraud, both towards consumers and organisations.

  • 2. Recognize an AI-generated video by paying attention to details

    The details reveal the nature of a video. As much as AI software is capable of generating high-quality content, it has not yet reached complete perfection.

    I movements of the subjects present in deepfakes they may at times appear unnatural. For example, they may not blink, do not follow the other person with their gaze, or have unconvincing eye and lip movements. The same goes for facial expressions.

    Strange shadows, anomalous shapes and unrealistic skin details may appear on your face. Hair and teeth are still difficult to reproduce and in a video created with artificial intelligence they may appear poorly defined, without volume, static.

    AI software still has difficulty correctly generate the smallest elements, with thin lines. The most common errors occur on hands, small objects, glasses, hair accessories and other objects that are in the background of the image. The more complex and detailed the content, the easier it is to identify signals about its nature.

    It is also good to pay attention to correspondence between audio and lip movement of the people present in the video. The lack of coherence could represent an important signal.

    Sudden changes of clothing, disappearance or appearance of jewels and objects during playback, small elements of clothing that change are alarm bells that should not be underestimated. In case of doubt, It is useful to view the content multiple times.

  • 3. Pay attention to the lights, the coherence of the content and the reliability of the source

    The lighting, in content generated with artificial intelligence, sometimes appears unnatural and flat. It can be useful to observe shadows, the presence of halos around subjects and objects or how the light hits them to understand that a film is not real.

    The details and visual elements of a video are not the only indicators, but the message they want to convey must also be analyzed. If a video seems nonsensical, it is inconsistent with reality or excessively sensational, it is good to delve deeper into its origin.

    Over time, AI video generation software will overcome all limitations now known. The only way to be truly certain of the veracity of a video is ensure the reliability of the source, looking for information about who created the content, where it was published, where it was recorded and when. To avoid falling into error and being a victim of misinformation and bad intentions It is advisable to train your critical spirit and your analytical ability.

    To know more: Artificial Intelligence: what it is and what it can do for us

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